Rights Violations

Listed here is a relevant collection of international law and human rights documents which are all violated in one way or another by the Israeli occupation of Palestine. The excerpts include small samples of the documents that directly apply to certain conditions or policies enforced by the occupation. (Note: Israel is not necessarily a signatory to each of these treatises but the rights and laws are consistent with ones onto which Israel is signed.)

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Article 9. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

Article 13 (1). Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state

Article 17 (2). No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights

Article 1 (1). All peoples have the right of self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.

Article 12 (2)(d). The creation of conditions which would assure to all medical service and medical attention in the event of sickness.

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Article 6 (1). Every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life.

Article 9 (2). Anyone who is arrested shall be informed, at the time of arrest, of the reasons for his arrest and shall be promptly informed of any charges against him.

Article 12 (4). No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of the right to enter his own country.

Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (and 1967 Protocol)

Article 26. Each Contracting State shall accord to refugees lawfully in its territory the right to choose their place of residence and to move freely within its territory subject to any regulations applicable to aliens generally in the same circumstances.

Article 32 (1). The Contracting States shall not expel a refugee lawfully in their territory save on grounds of national security or public order.

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Article 6 (1). States Parties recognize that every child has the inherent right to life.

Article 37. States Parties shall ensure that:

(a). No child shall be subjected to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment…

(b) No child shall be deprived of his or her liberty unlawfully or arbitrarily. The arrest, detention or imprisonment of a child shall be in conformity with the law and shall be used only as a measure of last resort and for the shortest appropriate period of time.

Convention (IV) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War (Fourth Geneva Convention)

Article 3 (1). Persons taking no active part in the hostilities…shall in all circumstances be treated humanely, without any adverse distinction founded on race, colour, religion or faith, sex, birth or wealth, or any other similar criteria.

Article 4. Persons protected by the Convention are those who, at a given moment and in any manner whatsoever, find themselves, in case of a conflict or occupation, in the hands of a Party to the conflict or Occupying Power of which they are not nationals.

Article 49. …The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies.

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

Article 2 (1)(b). Each State Party undertakes not to sponsor, defend or support racial discrimination by any persons or organizations.

Article 5. …States Parties undertake to prohibit and to eliminate racial discrimination in all its forms and to guarantee the right of everyone, without distinction as to race, colour, or national or ethnic origin, to equality before the law, notably in the enjoyment of the following rights:

(d)(i). The right to nationality;

(d)(ix). The right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association;

(e)(iii). The right to housing.

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

Article 7 (1). For the purpose of this Statute, “crime against humanity” means any of the following acts when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack:

(a). Murder;

(d). Deportation or forcible transfer of population;

(j). The crime of apartheid.

Article 8 (2). For the purpose of this Statute, “war crimes” means:

(a)(iv). Extensive destruction and appropriation of property, not justified by military necessity and carried out unlawfully and wantonly;

(a)(vi). Wilfully depriving a prisoner of war or other protected person of the rights of fair and regular trial.

(b)(i). Intentionally directing attacks against the civilian population as such or against individual civilians not taking direct part in hostilities.

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women

Article 14 (2). States Parties…shall ensure to such women the right:

(b). To have access to adequate health care facilities, including information, counselling and services in family planning

Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief

Article 2 (1). No one shall be subject to discrimination by any State, institution, group of persons, or person on grounds of religion or other beliefs.

Article 6. …[T]he right to freedom of thought, conscience, religion or belief shall include, inter alia, the following freedoms:

(a). To worship and assemble in connection with a religion or belief, and to establish and maintain places for these purposes.

Declaration on the Right to Development

Article 1 (2). The human right to development also implies the full realization of the right of peoples to self-determination, which includes, subject to the relevant provisions of both International Covenants on Human Rights, the exercise of their inalienable right to full sovereignty over all their natural wealth and resources.

Article 3 (1). States have the primary responsibility for the creation of national and international conditions favourable to the realization of the right to development.

Hague Regulations of 1907

Article 25. The attack or bombardment, by whatever means, of towns, villages, dwellings, or buildings which are undefended is prohibited.

Article 42. Territory is considered occupied when it is actually placed under the authority of the hostile army…

Article 45. It is forbidden to compel the inhabitants of occupied territory to swear allegiance to the hostile Power.

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

Article 2. In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:

(c). Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part.

Article 4. Persons committing genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in article III shall be punished, whether they are constitutionally responsible rulers, public officials or private individuals.

Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction

Article 1 (1). Each State Party to this Convention undertakes never under any circumstances:

(a). To use chemical weapons.

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